Mary Cummins, Real Estate Appraiser, Animal Advocates, Los Angeles, California

Mary Cummins, Real Estate Appraiser, Animal Advocates, Los Angeles, California
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Tuesday, May 28, 2024

Why Appraisal Values May Vary On The Same Property by Mary Cummins Real Estate Appraiser

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Why Do Some Appraisal Values Vary from Others on the Same Property? 

Lenders will order an appraisal so a borrower can get a home loan either for purchase or refinance. Sometimes the borrower doesn't receive the loan they want because of  credit, rates, terms or appraisal value. If they reapply for a loan, the second appraisal value is sometimes different than the first. 

There are many reasons why two appraisals may have different values for the same property. The differences could be due to changes in the market time or the property. In an appreciating market the second appraisal is generally higher because of the passage of time. The second appraisal could also be higher if the home has been improved. It's also possible that more similar homes have sold more recently for a different value than the previous sales used in the previous appraisal. This can be due to the seasonality of the real estate market and other factors. These different values don't automatically mean the first or second appraisal was wrong. Both values could be different and correct. Sometimes of course there are mistakes caused by incompetence. 

1. Home Price Appreciation/Depreciation in the Area

A real estate value is a snapshot in time. Recently we've been in an appreciating market.  Home prices have risen in value sometimes by 15% or more per year. If you appraise a say $100,000 property in January, it's worth $115,000 by the end of the year if appreciation for that area is 15%. The value didn't go up because you removed all photos from your home. It's appreciation. The same can happen with depreciation when values go down.

Some areas are going through the real estate cycle of revitalization which some call "gentrification."  Revitalization happens when people are pushed out of more expensive areas because of affordability into nearby areas which sell for less. This investment in the area and homes causes the area to improve and home prices to rise faster than surrounding areas. Many homes are then fully renovated by the newer owners and sell for much more than unrenovated original older homes. Recently some revitalizing areas have increased in value by 30% per year overall. This could mean an appraisal in December is 30% higher than one in January and both could be accurate market value for that time. 

2. Modifications to the Home

Sometimes after people are denied a loan for whatever reason they will improve the home. If you remodel a kitchen, baths, add air conditioning, a pool, a bedroom or add size to the home, the value after the modifications will be higher. If you gut part of your house to remodel it but don't finish, the value could go down. If you just remove personal photos, you won't change the value.

3. Recent Values of Similar Sold Homes

Sometimes some areas have few recent sales or listings of similar properties. People don't want to sell their home because of their low current mortgage rate like today's market. Sometimes there isn't much interest in an area because there is less demand because of issues which negatively affect the value. That could be a new freeway going right next to homes, loss of a major sports team, loss of major business and related jobs... Sometimes unique properties which are larger than the average home, built on a major road,  have odd improvements ... will take much longer to sell and rarely sell. Sometimes people prefer to wait for the selling season to sell to get higher prices. This means only mandatory sales of average homes take place such as death of owner, foreclosure or owner is desperate for money. These homes tend to be in fairer condition than most homes so they will sell for less. This drags down value.

Appraisers must use homes which sold within about the last three to six months within about a mile distance from the subject property in the same neighborhood. Appraisers are limited by the highest recent unadjusted sale of similar homes in the neighborhood. While appraisers can use older sold comparables and time adjust, some lenders still limit value to most recent closed comp. If the only homes that have sold recently are all major fixers, have fewer bedrooms, are not upgraded, don't have pools, are not right on the lake with a dock like the subject, this could limit the maximum value. The AMC, Lender set these limits. The appraiser must abides by them or the AMC, reviewer will send the appraisal back and demand comment and changes. In these situations lenders and appraisers suggest waiting for a similar higher priced property to close escrow before reappraising.

Quick example. The only homes that sold in the slow season in November, December, January were fixers in fair condition, no upgrades, no views, no pool and near a busy road. They sold for $100,000. The subject is in great condition, with many new upgrades, view of the ocean, pool and on a private cul-de-sac. It's clearly worth more than the recently sold total fixers maybe $150,000. Some lenders may limit the maximum valuation to the maximum sales price of similar sized homes recently sold in the same neighborhood, $100,000. If the borrower waits to refinance until April, May, June, there will probably be similar upgraded homes sold because more homes sell at this time of year. The value could be $150,000 based on sales in the $150,000 range. 

This brings us to the seasonality of real estate sales. Sometimes there are more homes sales during certain times of the year. Spring and early summer have more home sales as people prefer to sell, buy, move after school lets out before summer vacation. Sales volume is also related to weather. There are fewer sales in the winter where it snows or during heavy storms. Seasonality varies by area. This can cause there to be few similar sales during certain months of the year. The slowest months volume wise are November, December and January. The busiest are April, May and June. If you appraise your home for a refinance in November, there will probably be fewer sales to use as comps. It's also possible there are a higher percentage of stress sales during the slower months. Many stress sales are in fairer condition especially foreclosure and estate sales so they may sell for less which can negatively affect value. This article states seasonality can cause a 10% difference in price, value. There is more demand and buyers bidding against each other during the busy season which drives up prices. Some advise buying in the winter and selling in the summer for this reason. Besides seasonal cycles there are other cycles which affect sales volume and price such as economic cycles, interest rates, Covid pandemic, war, politics... This is reflected in the market by sales prices. The appraiser does not consider these things in the final valuation.

For this reason it's generally a good idea to see what similar homes have recently actually sold for in your area before applying for a loan to see if it makes sense. You will get a better rate, terms the lower the loan to value ratio so a borrower wants a higher appraisal value. While we include listed properties in the appraisal, sold properties are what matter. We generally search homes +/-15% difference in size per square foot, similar bed/bath count, similar amenities/upgrades/condition, within a mile distance from subject which sold within last three to six months. We then choose the most similar recent comparables. Lenders generally require three closed sales within three months. Those sales will limit the upper level of value.

4. Incompetence

Appraising homes can be a difficult complex process especially with unique homes in changing areas and markets. Many lenders use robot Automated Valuation Methods (AVMs) for cookie cutter homes. Cookie cutter homes are newer median priced average sized homes in average condition in a homogeneous area. If your home is older, larger than average for area, improved above/below most homes in the area, has a view, issues or is on the edge of two different areas, you will need a full appraisal. 

The appraiser must choose similar comps in the same neighborhood in order to get an accurate value. Sometimes there are no recent similar comps. The appraiser will have to use older similar comps instead of expanding the comp search into a totally different area. Those comps will have to be accurately adjusted for time and other differences. If the appraiser does not select similar comps, the resultant value will be inaccurate. That would be incompetence. Appropriate comp selection is vital.

One example of this is a case in Marin, California. The first appraisal was $989,000 February 2020. The second appraisal was $1,482,500 March 2020. The subject was larger than average for the area built with telephone poles on a very steep lot near reclaimed swamp land. There were few recent local sales because there was little demand in the area. The first appraiser used local sales. The second appraiser widened the search into an area with larger high quality homes that sell for almost twice as much in Mill Valley. 

The homeowners sued the first appraiser for "racial discrimination" just because they didn't like the first appraiser's lower value. The borrower wants a higher value because the higher the value, the better the terms and lower the rate. The first appraiser didn't do anything racist or discriminatory. The first value was similar to the robot values like Corelogic, RedFn... Robots can't be racist or discriminate. The second appraisal was actually the wrong value because they used the wrong comps. Borrowers never sue when the appraisal value is high even when it's wrong. If it's lower than what they'd like, they automatically assume bias or incompetence. Clearly it was the second appraiser who was biased and incompetent. Some appraisers fear complaints and want to please the lender, borrower so they tend to appraise on the higher side. I'd bet most appraisers over appraise than under. There is no motivation for an appraiser to appraise lower than market value. They have nothing to gain and everything to lose.

Here is one example which incorporates some of the factors which may cause two appraisals to be different. 

Appraisal One: Home appraised January 1 in area where it snows. It's in good condition, upgraded with two garages and a view. Home sales volume is low. The only recent sales were fixers with no garages or views selling for $100,000. Appraiser uses some old similar sales and time adjusts. Home appraises for $100,000. Appraiser notes that subject is in better condition with garages and a view. Appraiser explains the current market and lack of similar sales. Many appraisers would state home would appraise for more when/if similar homes close escrow. Appraisers generally state their limitations which can be the highest closed recent sale.

Appraisal Two: Home appraised June 1 when the weather is 75 degrees. Owner has since added a second bathroom. There are now some similar sales in the same condition with the same view. A new sports arena just announced it will break ground bringing a lot of new business and jobs to the area. The area has appreciated by 10% in six months for this reason. The home is now slightly larger and worth more. Similar homes now sell for $150,000. Home appraises for $150,000. The value of second appraisal is 50% higher than first. The first appraiser was not incompetent. Both appraisals were correct at the time they were made. This is why one must carefully read appraisal reports and consider all the factors that affect value.

Different appraisals done at different times can have different values and still be correct. There are many legitimate reasons for appraisals to vary in value by even 30% in a quickly changing market. It's natural for people to be psychologically attached to their home and assume it's the best in the area when that may not be true. Some homeowners receive agent postcards in the mail or see Zillow ads listing the highest sold and listed homes in their area. Agents, Zillow do this to attract sellers with potential high prices so they can get a listing and make money. Some borrowers assume their home which is in inferior condition and location is worth the same amount as those high priced listings when it's not. These false expectations cause people to feel they've been low-balled, cheated or discriminated against when they necessarily haven't. People who have been discriminated against for their entire life are more likely to assume discrimination. It's important to know your home and try to understand local value unbiasedly. It's also important to understand appraisal value when reading an appraisal report of your home.


Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate is a certified residential licensed appraiser in Los Angeles, California. Mary Cummins is licensed by the California Bureau of Real Estate appraisers and has over 35 years of experience.


Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary, Cummins, #marycummins #animaladvocates #losangeles #california #wildlife #wildliferehabilitation #wildliferehabilitator #realestate #realestateappraiser #realestateappraisal #lawsuit real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, certified, single family, condo, condominium, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, fha, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, brea insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, 1073, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls, historical appraisal, facebook, linkedin

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Sunday, May 26, 2024

Reply to ChanZuckerberg Affordable Housing Solutions. Couple Ideas Might Work but Rest Would Make it Worse, by Mary Cummins.

chanzuckerg initiative, chanzuckerberg,mary cummins,real estate appraiser, housing crisis, affordable housing, marc zuckerberg, solutions,nimby,zoning,housing,planning, office, adaptive reuse
chanzuckerberg initiative, chanzuckerberg,mary cummins,real estate appraiser, housing crisis, affordable housing, marc zuckerberg, solutions,nimby,zoning,housing,planning, office, adaptive reuse

I just read ChanZuckerberg's "7 Creative Solutions to Affordable Housing in California." ( https://chanzuckerberg.com/blog/affordable-housing-solutions ) These people are clueless about the real causes and solutions to California's housing crisis. Their article makes me think it's an AI article, i.e. "Please write an article about how to solve the housing crisis using inspiring, positive terms in 1,000 words or less." I will reply to each idea noting which are total bombs and which will actually help. 

"At CZI, we believe that, yes, California can solve its affordable housing crisis. We’ve seen several creative solutions to affordable housing work.""We’ve learned a lot over the years about how to solve California’s housing crisis. The solutions below are proof that, yes, it can happen."

If positive words and ideas could solve the problem, it would have been solved 50 years ago. This is not a new problem which they at least admit "This problem has been decades in the making." Many, many people have tried throwing inspiring words at the problem with no success.

1. "Exploring New Methods for Constructing and Producing Homes"

Construction costs aren't the main issue. The issue is the extremely high cost of land in California. California land value is 30-80% of the value of the home. Median home in California is $900,000 as of April 2024 compared to $400,000 for the US. In the rest of the affordable country land is generally 10 to 20% maximum of total home value. The high price of land was caused by, you guessed it, lack of development of sufficient housing units, i.e. the housing crisis. Lack of housing drives up home prices per simple supply and demand. Who cares if you just plop down a $50 prefab cubicle on the property if land costs $1,000,000 not to mention permit fees and California's costly, time consuming and difficult red tape. That's not affordable. 

2. "Encouraging Alternative Forms of Home Ownership"

First off, the author doesn't know what the word "redlining" means. Here's an article I wrote about it. ( https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2021/05/redlining-in-home-loan-financing-mary.html ) Back in the day redlining by lenders made it difficult for mainly white property owners to get property loans not people of color. Most property owners in the red line areas were white. The people who lived there were  mainly lower income tenants. Those tenants moved there because rent and homes were cheaper. Loans were not denied because of racial makeup of residents. It was based on many factors which caused low property values with higher maintenance costs and risk. These factors caused prices, rents to be low which is what attracted lower income people who are generally people of color. Research has shown that redlining doesn't affect properties today. People love to use the term to sound woke and DEI.

Their article includes racist stereotypes. Blacks, Latinos are not less likely to own homes just because they're black, Latino. People who make less money have less money and are therefore less likely to own a home. Blacks, Latinos make less money than whites. This is an income gap issue which has nothing to do with housing or access to housing. According to the scientific method in order to solve a problem you must first identity the problem. It's the income gap, stupid! Help all less wealthy people increase their income regardless of color, race and they can afford houses but first there must be enough houses to afford and own.

"Community land trusts, housing cooperatives or resident-owned communities, and more affordable condos like Tenancy in Commons" won't solve the problem. They need to be able to afford to rent, buy the homes. There need to be enough homes to buy. People with more money will be the ones buying the property trusts. You aren't helping the people who really need help.

3. "Advancing Cross-Sector Housing Solutions"

"They are collaborative efforts that address interconnected challenges in our communities — such as equitable access to housing, healthcare, transportation and economic opportunity." While this is a nice thought that could help some people it doesn't solve the problem of lack of housing. Equitable access doesn't help if there isn't enough housing. Equitable access goes back to the income gap or housing affordability.

4. "Learning From Successful COVID-19 Housing Solutions"

Were the Covid-19 "housing solutions" successful? Homelessness is up. Evictions are up. Rent is up. Mom and pop landlords couldn't afford to keep their buildings because the government forced them to subsidize their tenants' rent for years. They sold their buildings to big landlords. All tenants had to do was sign a form saying they couldn't pay rent. Many were still working and could pay but chose not to pay. For many landlords their tiny fourplex is their entire retirement savings and income. Many were just Mom owned and not Mom and Pop owned. The eviction moratorium actually made things worse. If people vacated during the moratorium, landlords refused to rerent the units for fear of lying Covid mooches. Those units stayed vacant for two years and people lost housing.

They suggested "sending cash aid to tenants and landlords to prevent evictions and foreclosures." Problem is you'd have to do this forever because most California wages don't cover rent and expenses. This again goes back to income and lack of housing problems which existed pre Covid. If we had more housing, housing costs would be lower. It's supply and demand.There is limited supply but high demand in this state.

5. "Transforming Surplus and Underutilized Lands Into Affordable Homes"

Now they're getting warmer. "We need to build homes at a sustainable rate to match population growth in the U.S. The Huffington Post reported that, despite population growth, fewer homes are now on the market than in 1982." Bingo! "One innovative way to address this extreme housing shortage is to convert surplus and underutilized lands — owned by school districts, faith organizations, government agencies, etc.— into permanently affordable housing."

I support this but there's a problem. If you build on government land you must have 100% affordable housing. This doesn't make economic sense and is not sustainable because property owners would lose money building and renting the units so they won't be built. Some projects I've seen wouldn't even allow some market rate units and some very low income units. Projects must make financial sense or it won't happen. The project I cited above died because developer said he'd lose too much money. Private businesses can't build buildings for free for the government. The government sure can't do it based on past public housing failures. We need real world economically feasible sustainable ideas not wishful thinking, thoughts and prayers.

Now if you alter zoning, planning, building restrictions for the entire state and not just some properties, that would help. Churches, schools, nonprofits, cities, counties have legal mission statements. They can only do what's in their mission statement. Church mission could be to help Christians in a certain parish. Nonprofit mission could be to help low income abused women. They also have a lot of restrictions and their own red tape. Make it statewide and everyone could be helped.

6.  "Leveraging Infill Housing and Densifying Neighborhoods"

They're getting warmer again. "Infill housing refers to building new residential units on vacant or underutilized lots within existing urban areas or neighborhoods. These types of housing can include accessory dwelling units or ADUs, splitting lots, conversion of non-residential buildings, and demolishing and rebuilding on vacant lots or parking lots within neighborhoods."

As I've said for years "we can't ADU our way out of the housing crisis." While ADUs help they are expensive per unit and don't create enough units. One great idea is conversion of non-residential buildings like office, industrial, warehouse buildings and shopping malls. The problem here is government red tape, zoning, planning, Building and Safety requirements and of course NIMBYs. There are also logistical office conversion issues which I explain in this article ( https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2022/02/office-to-housing-conversion-is-not.html ). 

Haney Bill AB 3068 titled "Adaptive reuse: streamlining: incentives" could help and must be passed. "By mandating by-right approval processes for mixed-use housing conversion projects in city centers, AB 3068 will pave the way for the construction of several thousands of new housing units." This is what we need.

7. "Preserving Existing Lower-Cost Housing"

And now they're ice cold. This is one of the causes of the housing crisis and not a solution! "An often overlooked piece of the solution to this challenge is to protect what’s referred to as naturally occurring affordable housing — existing, affordable multifamily rental properties. These buildings tend to be older and owned by mom-and-pop landlords." 

If property owners were allowed to tear down a run down small rental home or four unit building to build 12 new larger units which house fives times as many people 20 or 30 years ago, those units would be affordable housing today. Older buildings costs less to rent than newer ones. Instead many people lost housing for 20 to 30 years because property owners were not allowed to build more units. It was either too cost prohibitive or difficult because of rent control tenants, NIMBYs, government red tape or long construction times which equal higher construction costs. Government, economy also lost billions in loss of property taxes, revenue, business tax from loss of more rental income from more units. If they build those 12 units today, land cost is up 1,000%, construction costs are up 500% so they must rent it for full new market rent which is at least triple affordable rent or what an older building would rent for today. 

They state preserving existing affordable housing will prevent "private equity (from buying) out owners and raise rents quickly — displacing existing residents, exacerbating gentrification, and contributing to homelessness." Wrong. Forcing small landlords to pay their tenants rents for over two years during Covid caused moms with no pops to have to sell their buildings to large landlords who will push out those tenants.

Rents have risen because there's not enough housing! People move around all over the world to places they can afford. It's economics 101. They also clearly don't understand the meaning of the word "gentrification." I wrote another article here about gentrification ( https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2017/04/real-estate-cycles-mary-cummins-real.html ). Gentrification is actually just the real estate cycle of revitalization which is GOOD for communities. People are pushed out of, displaced from more expensive areas because of high costs caused by the housing crisis. They go to nearby areas which cost less. This causes those areas to improve and property values and rents rise. Owners who live there or sell their properties are happy about this! A few lower income tenants aren't happy because their rent rises. Most tenants would move to another low income area, rent a smaller place, share a place with friends, try to make more money... Most would not end up homeless. The people who move out of those cheap rent areas are generally POC because of the income race correlation and not because of race. Poor whites have to move too. Housing is not the main cause of homelessness. There are many factors including mainly steady income, savings, physical/mental health, family situations, having children, legal issues... 

I'm amazed they didn't specifically mention rent control in this item though it's part of preserving older low income units. We have rent control in many cities, counties and the state of California. Rent control actually causes rents to rise overall. I wrote an article which explains this ( https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2024/04/rent-control-causes-rent-increases-loss.html ). It also costs cities, counties, states and individuals billions of dollars in lost income every year. That money paid to the government could have been used to help the housing crisis. Rent control doesn't even help low income people. While some are lower income most are not. They could easily afford market rent but stay put for many years and save or spend that money on other things. The private landlord is subsidizing their tenants. Some are paying $350/month for a $3,500 unit. I've seen some tenants buy a house with the rent savings all at the expense of the landlord.

In conclusion the ChanZuckerberg article states "With continued support for innovative housing solutions like the ones shared above, we can improve housing affordability and access so people from all backgrounds and income levels can live, work, and thrive."

Most of their suggestions not only don't help solve the problem but make it worse. They need some real estate experts with experience to help them. Many think landlords, developers, people in real estate are "evil," "greedy" "scum." They're not. It's a profession just like being a secretary or doctor. They're actually trying to solve the housing crisis and just end the scapegoat, whipping boy. This is probably why no real estate people were involved in ChanZuckerberg's project or article which is a shame. Maybe they could have come up with effective solutions if they had.

Some Real Solutions to the Housing Crisis

Now for some solutions which will actually help the housing crisis in California. BUILD MORE HOUSING! Reduce development red tape and construction times for new construction, conversions and additions. Zoning, Planning, Cities, Counties and the state must allow more housing and more dense housing in some areas. We could use more legal micro-units, communal units with less mandatory parking if near public transportation. I'm not talking about building a 20 unit building on a smaller home site with only single family homes in the area. I'm talking building 2-4 units (or 2-3 ADUs behind a house) on some single family sites in some areas and build 2-8 units in areas that already have duplexes, fourplexes and are zoned for multifamily R2+ zoning. 

Pass the Adaptive Reuse bill to more easily convert office buildings into residential units. Planning and Zoning needs to quickly modify zones and uses to allow more legal uses especially mixed use zones. Building and Safety must modify some residential requirements to make these projects feasible while still maintaining health and safety. Many more office buildings could be reused this way instead of demolishing them, wasting materials and contributing to climate change. Right now an older office building must be brought up to residential code. If it's older, it's cheaper to demolish or gut to the shell and rebuild which is a waste and horrible for the environment. This can't be done with historic buildings or buildings in HPOZ so they can't be considered.

Most importantly don't allow NIMBYs to stop projects if they meet all regulations. NIMBYs have been extorting developers and cities for years with demands and many were mainly for the benefit of the specific local NIMBYs alone. The approval process takes years because of NIMBY involvement. Their goal is to cause it to become so expensive that developers abandon the project which they do frequently. Just because a NIMBY has a place to live doesn't give them the right to not allow, take away housing from others who don't.

A last related issue is helping people make more money to keep up with housing costs. You need two people making minimum wage in Los Angeles to afford a cheap median one bedroom $2,100. A single person can't afford a one bedroom on minimum wage which is actually high compared to the rest of the nation. This is another reason we need cheaper microunits, communical living units with shared kitchens, living rooms and more studios, singles.

In conclusion we need more than just inspiring words and pie in the sky ideas to solve the housing crisis. Some of ChanZuckerberg's ideas would actually make things worse. The housing crisis has existed for over 50 years because there hasn't been enough residential development. There hasn't been enough development because of government red tape and NIMBYs. We need to work with developers, builders to construct the housing that we desperately need. JUST BUILD MORE HOUSING!

**UPDATE: I just asked chatgpt to write an article stating how to solve the housing crisis in California. It wrote a very, very, very similar article to ChanZuckerberg Affordable Housing Solutions article. The same word salad, similar major ideas, same two bad ideas, sound bytes, woke language and wishful thinking. The only difference is item one was increase housing supply which included sub ideas I suggested. Chatgpt article made much more sense than ChanZuckerberg article and it was free.

Who wrote ChanZuckerberg's article? A lazy employee using chatgpt? Is this some stunt by Zuckerberg? Did they hire people for a task force and pay them thousands per month for a few months to come up with this article? If so, I could see how so much money gets wasted on trying to fix the housing crisis and homeless situation with no actual results. 

#housingcrisis #housing #affordablehousing #marycummins #realestateappraiser #california #adaptiveresuse #officebuildings #losangeles #realestateappraisal 

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Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate is a certified residential licensed appraiser in Los Angeles, California. Mary Cummins is licensed by the California Bureau of Real Estate appraisers and has over 40 years of experience.


Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary, Cummins, #marycummins #animaladvocates #losangeles #california #wildlife #wildliferehabilitation #wildliferehabilitator #realestate #realestateappraiser #realestateappraisal #lawsuit real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, certified, single family, condo, condominium, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, fha, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, brea insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, 1073, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls, historical appraisal, facebook, linkedin

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Friday, May 24, 2024

False Bias Claims Against Appraisers - Six Main Cases in the Media by Mary Cummins Real Estate Appraiser

mary cummins, real estate appraiser, real estate appraisal, los angeles, california, bias, discrimination,race, racial, white, black, latino, andre perry, hud, george floyd, lowball, lowball, 

Below are five of the main falsely alleged racial bias cases against real estate appraisers. When I heard about the first case I assumed the appraiser maybe was racist or was incompetent. Who would make such a hurtful false claim if it weren't true? I would have been the first to take the appraiser out behind the proverbial woodshed for a talking to.  

After fully researching the properties and values, I realized the claims were false. I continue to research new cases and have not found one yet where the lower appraiser was in the wrong. I definitely found no biased or racist behavior on the part of the lower appraisals. I have found that the second or higher appraiser has been in the wrong either through bias or incompetence. If I knew who they were and had a copy of the report, I would report them.

In these cases the borrowers truly believed that they had been discriminated against. I understand after a lifetime of discrimination one could assume anything they don't like is the result of discrimination. Sometimes though there is a perfectly good explanation for something we don't like that has nothing to do with race, color, gender... 

I did notice four similar things with all of these cases. One, the homes all have complex physical issues. Two, the homes are all located on the edge of neighborhoods nearer to higher valued areas. Three, property values were rising quickly. Four, some of the homes had external factors which greatly affected value. These four factors make for a complex appraisal assignment. If the correct comps are not chosen, evaluated, adjusted properly, values could vary by a large amount. The end result could be incompetence in the form of a higher appraisal.

The first issue has to do with complex physical characteristics of the subject property. Something that I noticed with all of these cases is that they're not newer homogeneous tract homes. All of these homes are complex. The homes are complex because some are much older, in C4-C6 (fair) condition, have unpermitted additions, illegal bedrooms/bathrooms, are on severe slopes, were built to Q5-Q6 quality (low), built on reclaimed swamp land, have varying views... The difference in value could be attributed to differences in actual legal size, real bed/bath count, view, condition or upgrades compared to other homes which sold for more. 

The second issue has to do with the homes being located nearer to the boundary of two dissimilar neighborhoods. This caused the second higher appraiser to choose non-comparable comps in a totally different neighborhood than the subject. The Marin case is a prime example of this. There were few larger recent sales in the same area because most homes are smaller and there were few sales overall. The higher appraiser chose comps in Mill Valley which has more larger homes which sell for twice as much as Marin. They are not comparable areas to say the least. It's like comparing homes in South Los Angeles to Beverly Hills.

The third issue is quickly appreciating values. All of these cases happened when homes were appreciating over 15% per year. If you appraise a $100,000 home January 1 for $100,000 then appraise it again 12/31 of same year, the value would be $115,000. That doesn't mean the first appraiser low-balled $15,000. Both appraisals are correct. Sometimes the area was also revitalizing (some call it gentrification) so values went up 25-30% per year. Revitalizing happens when people are pushed out of more expensive areas into nearby less expensive areas causing the area to improve and property values to rise. 

The fourth issue is external factors which greatly affect value such as location on a busy highway (Maryland case). Homes located on busy highways are worth less than homes located on cul-de-sacs, private lanes, small residential streets and streets with no through traffic. Another example is homes built on reclaimed swamp land on unbuildable sloped inclines (Marin case). Yet another example is homes a mile from the ocean near the freeway being compared to homes on the ocean with a full ocean view and  a boat dock (Florida case). 

There is another issue which contributed greatly to these false complaints which is not related to the actual appraisals or homes. It is Andre Perry's false, fabricated, misleading paper and book titled "Know Your Price." Andre Perry falsely stated that racist real estate appraisers lowball black people's homes by $46,000 per home just because appraisers are all "white male racists." Appraisers weren't even involved in the data used by Perry. The truth is people who make more money have more money and buy more expensive homes in more expensive areas. They also buy more expensive cars, clothes, jewelry... Whites make more than blacks and Latinos. Most of that racial wealth gap is actually reflected in higher earners. No homes were low-balled in Perry's data. People read articles about the paper and assumed it was true. Politicians even used the faked paper to campaign to black people for votes and campaign donations. 

In all of these huge false appraisal bias cases in the media we had a borrower who automatically assumed racism, a home with intrinsic, extrinsic negative value issues located in a revitalizing appreciating area near a neighborhood which is worth much more. All of these factors combined contributed to a huge explosion of misdirected hate against appraisers especially after George Floyd's murder and Andre Perry's fake paper. It will take years to deal with the false narrative of the alleged "racist old white male" appraiser.  The media is directly complicit for wanting to sell advertising to make money by inciting racial divide and hatred with their misleading stories. I didn't see one article where they had an appraiser review the appraisals or give their opinion of the cases. I contacted the writers and no reply. Shame on the media for promoting false hateful racist stories.


Marin, California

https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2021/02/alleged-discrimination-home-appraisal.html

Indiana

https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2021/05/homeowner-claims-discrimination-in-home.html

Florida

https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2020/08/black-homeowner-claims-discrimination.html

Oakland, California

https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2021/07/racial-discrimination-alleged-by-cora.html

Allendale, Oakland, California

https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2024/06/details-about-alleged-racial-bias-case.html

Maryland

https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/2023/01/maryland-lawsuit-alleged-racial.html


Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate is a certified residential licensed appraiser in Los Angeles, California. Mary Cummins is licensed by the California Bureau of Real Estate appraisers and has over 35 years of experience.


Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary, Cummins, #marycummins #animaladvocates #losangeles #california #wildlife #wildliferehabilitation #wildliferehabilitator #realestate #realestateappraiser #realestateappraisal #lawsuit real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, certified, single family, condo, condominium, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, fha, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, brea insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, 1073, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls, historical appraisal, facebook, linkedin

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Wednesday, May 22, 2024

Elvis Presley Graceland case - Danielle R Keough V Naussany Investments - Foreclosure Denied by Mary Cummins

case CH-24-0632, mary cummins, real estate appraiser, elvis presley, graceland, foreclosure, naussany, danielle keough, fraud, default, loan, lawsuit, claim, complaint, court
case CH-24-0632, mary cummins, real estate appraiser, elvis presley, graceland, foreclosure, gregory naussany, danielle keough, fraud, default, loan, lawsuit, claim, complaint, court

False real estate claims happen all the time as this foreclosure case against the heirs of Elvis Presley and the Graceland estate clearly shows. In summary Naussany Investments claims Lisa Marie Presley borrowed $3,800,000 from them using the Graceland Estate as collateral. Naussany claims the money was not repaid so they began foreclosure proceedings. The estate then filed an injunction to stop the foreclosure sale. The estate stated the claim was fraudulent and provided evidence. The estate claimed no deed of trust was ever filed and the notaries on the documents claimed to have never met Presley. On top of this no notice of default or default was filed with the county before the foreclosure auction was set.  Naussany then dropped all claims against the estate. 

This attempted real estate fraud was as sloppy as those Nigerian emails claiming you have inherited $10,000,000 now just give me your banking info. Even the emails are filled with spelling and grammatical errors. I don't know how the fraudsters ever thought they could pull off this scam on the Graceland estate which has a team of lawyers. The scammers never had a chance. I'd be great if they'd be charged criminally for forgery, fraud, attempted real estate theft but the fraudsters are in Florida while the case was filed in Shelby County, Tennessee. Doubt anyone wants to do the work to file a case across a few states. Update, TMZ stated the FBI is looking into it.We'll see if they actually do anything. 

Below is a link to the Motion filed by Danielle Keough for the Promenade Trust which owns Graceland Estate located at 3734 Elvis Presley Blvd, Memphis, Tennessee. The Defendant replied with only a fax requesting a continuance which was denied. 

https://interactive.localmemphis.com/pdfs/Graceland-Complaint-for-Declaratory-Judgement-and-Injuctive-Relief.pdf

case CH-24-0632, mary cummins, real estate appraiser, elvis presley, graceland, foreclosure, gregory naussany, danielle keough, fraud, default, loan, lawsuit, claim, complaint, court

The creditor claim is filed in Los Angeles Superior Court September 2023 after Lisa Marie died in Los Angeles County, California. It's linked above. It states the deed of trust will be filed if she defaults.That's not how deed of trusts work. You file them the second you make the loan. This way estate would have been notified if it were real. Fake creditor claims they will take 75% of what is owed if they send the check now. I wouldn't be surprised if the scammer sold this fake note to investors to make money. Why would anyone go public with such a pathetic scam job.


As I look at the cashier's checks I don't think they have been cashed. I believe the amount should be on the bottom right just like a regular check. Not positive about this. Checks are in link above.

Below is notice of foreclosure sale.


https://chancerydata.shelbycountytn.gov/chweb/ck_public_qry_doct.cp_dktrpt_frames?backto=P&case_id=CH-24-0632&begin_date=&end_date=

Below is the docket. The case was filed in Shelby County, Tennessee. The Judge is JOEDAE L. JENKINS. Since the case ended there were multiple requests for public records. I'm sure the media will be sharing them soon.

LAST ENTRY 23-MAY-2024

09:38 AM Order (T)  

Entry: ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S REQUEST FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AND DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR DENIAL OF DECLARATORY INJUNCTION AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER

FULL DOCKET

Case ID: CH-24-0632

  Docket Start Date:  

  Docket Ending Date:  

Case Description

  Case ID: CH-24-0632 - DANIELLE R KEOUGH V NAUSSANY INVESTMENTS, ET AL -Non-jury Trial

  Filing Date: Wednesday, May 15th, 2024

  Type: DJ - Comp/Declaratory Judgment

  Status: BONDS - Bonds



Related Cases


No related cases were found.


Case Event Schedule


No case events were found.


Case Parties


Seq # Assoc Party End Date Type ID Name

1 Chancellor 30DK JENKINS, JOEDAE L.

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 

2 Part PT3 Part 3

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 

3 4 Plaintiff's Attorney 11823 GERMANY, JEFFREY D

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 

4 3 Plaintiff @140836 KEOUGH, DANIELLE RILEY

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 

5 Defendant @140837 NAUSSANY INVESTMENTS & PRIVATE LENDING LLC

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 

6 Defendant @140838 UNKNOWN ENTITYS

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 

7 Defendant @140839 NAUSSANY, KURT

Address: unavailable Aliases: none

 



Docket Entries


Filing Date Description Name Monetary

15-MAY-2024

09:10 AM Original complaint (T) GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: VERIFIED COMPLAINT FOR DECLARATORY JUDGEMENT AND INJUNCTIVE RELIEF INCLUDING A TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER

 

15-MAY-2024

09:10 AM Process issued other (T) GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: SUMMONS ISSUED TO KURT NAUSSANY VIA CERTIFIED MAIL HANDED BACK TO ATTY FOR SERVICE

 

15-MAY-2024

09:10 AM Process issued other (T) GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: SUMMONS ISSUED TO NAUSSANY INVESTMENTS VIA CERTIFIED MAIL HANDED BACK FOR SERVICE

 

15-MAY-2024

09:25 AM PAYMENT RECEIVED GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: A Payment of -$291.50 was made on receipt CHCH140296.

 

15-MAY-2024

09:38 AM Case set (T)  

Entry: INJUNCTIVE RELIEF HEARING SET WED MAY 22, 2024 AT 9AM IN PERSON

 

15-MAY-2024

09:56 AM FIAT GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: FIAT SIGNED BY CHANCELLOR TRO BOND SET FOR $500.00 HEARING SET FOR: 5/22/24 9 AM

 

15-MAY-2024

09:56 AM Process issued other (T) GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: DOUBLE WRIT TRO & NOH ISSUED TO NASSUANY INVESTMENTS AND PRIVATE LENDING LLC VIA OTHER HANDED BACK TO ATTY FOR SERVICE

 

15-MAY-2024

09:57 AM Process issued other (T) GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: DOUBLE WRIT TRO & NOH ISSUED TO KURT NAUSSANY LLC VIA OTHER HANDED BACK TO ATTY FOR SERVICE

 

15-MAY-2024

09:58 AM Bond (T) GERMANY, JEFFREY D  

Entry: RESTRAINING BOND SIGNED FOR $500.00

 

20-MAY-2024

01:03 PM PAYMENT RECEIVED  

Entry: A Payment of -$31.57 was made on receipt CHCH140393.

 

20-MAY-2024

03:55 PM Request (T)  

Entry: PUBLIC RECORD REQUEST FORM

 

20-MAY-2024

04:06 PM Copies (T)  

Entry: The fee COP1 in the amount of 30.50 was added on CBAACCD.

 

20-MAY-2024

04:21 PM PAYMENT RECEIVED  

Entry: A Payment of -$31.57 was made on receipt CHCH140446.

 

22-MAY-2024

08:20 AM Motion (T) NAUSSANY INVESTMENTS & PRIVATE LENDING LLC,  

Entry: MOTION OF DENIAL FOR DECLARATORY INJUNCTION AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND MOTION TO CONTINUE OR EXTEND TIME TO PRODUCE FAX FILED

 

22-MAY-2024

09:41 AM Granted (G)  

Entry: INJUNCTIVE RELIEF HEARING SET WED MAY 22, 2024 AT 9AM IN PERSON GRANTED

 

22-MAY-2024

10:44 AM PAYMENT RECEIVED  

Entry: A Payment of -$32.09 was made on receipt CHCH140471.

 

22-MAY-2024

10:48 AM Request (T)  

Entry: PUBLIC RECORD REQUEST

 

22-MAY-2024

11:22 AM Motion Denied  

Entry: MOTION OF DENIAL FOR DECLARATORY INJUNCTION AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER AND MOTION TO CONTINUE OR EXTEND TIME TO PRODUCE DENIED

23-MAY-2024

09:38 AM Order (T)  

Entry: ORDER GRANTING PLAINTIFF'S REQUEST FOR INJUNCTIVE RELIEF AND DENYING DEFENDANT'S MOTION FOR DENIAL OF DECLARATORY INJUNCTION AND TEMPORARY RESTRAINING ORDER


Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate is a certified residential licensed appraiser in Los Angeles, California. Mary Cummins is licensed by the California Bureau of Real Estate appraisers and has over 35 years of experience.


Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary, Cummins, #marycummins #animaladvocates #losangeles #california #wildlife #wildliferehabilitation #wildliferehabilitator #realestate #realestateappraiser #realestateappraisal #lawsuit real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, certified, single family, condo, condominium, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, fha, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, brea insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, 1073, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls, historical appraisal, facebook, linkedin

DISCLAIMER: https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/p/disclaimer-privacy-policy-for-blogs-by.html

Monday, May 20, 2024

Privacy, Security in Real Estate Appraisals by Mary Cummins Real Estate Appraiser

I was asked to comment about Fannie and Freddie allegedly testing AI image scanning by a foreign business. A previous article stated "Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac’s plan to implement photo recognition AI to analyze appraisal photos. This technology can scan a single photo and extract over 100 data points related to quality, condition, and repairs. For example, it can identify flooring types, appliance models, and even assess light levels in a room." I was told recently "Mortgage giants Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are reportedly “bench-testing” an arrangement with a foreign AI firm in which the offshore firm will data-mine millions of images showing the personal spaces of U.S. homeowners and tenants." The article is linked below.

https://appraisersblogs.com/fannie-n-freddies-offshore-gambit-imperils-privacy-of-millions/

My comment is at the end here.

“Interior photos show the location of valuables, safes, guns, security systems, security cameras, power main, children’s rooms, entrances and exits,” said Mary Cummins, a Los Angeles-based real estate appraiser and expert witness. “Appraisers blur out people, photos of people and similar items. Property inspectors do not.

“You could end up having someone in another country looking at photos of your baby in a crib,” said Cummins. “The layout of the home is included in the [report]. Sometimes there is even a 3D photo layout which shows the exact location of the baby’s room and valuables in relation to entrances and exits. This data could end up in the wrong hands directly or through security breaches and pose a threat to the people living in the home.”

A few years ago a couple of AMCs stated that appraisers were not allowed to use appraisal assistants or report writers in foreign countries. The purpose was security of the appraisal data. I have not used any assistants in over 20 years so no worries here. Currently many people allegedly from India offer to write entire reports for appraisers for a couple of bucks. They email all appraisers. I agree that I wouldn't want someone being paid $1 an hour looking at the private personal property and family members of clients. I could see that data being sold directly or shared via a security breach and used for nefarious purpose such as robberies. 

I've appraised homes of celebrities. My photos, diagram, layout show the location of the bedrooms. Most people keep valuables such as jewelry, money, guns, drugs in the main bedroom closet. I've taken photos of safes, jewelry cases, guns, babies sleeping in homes. I would never want those photos shared.

Our reports include information about the security system, video surveillance cameras, security gates, fences, main power box. A criminal could use that data to disable the power, over ride the security system and enter the home. That information should never be shared.

I keep my reports extra secure. I also digitally shred and get rid of them the second I am legally allowed. I don't want to possess any of the reports but I legally must maintain them for a set number of years. This is another reason why I have no paper files. 

If Freddie and Fannie ultimately do this, I think we should be concerned. You'd think a US AI company could probably do this work and add to the US job market. There would at least be some culpability, liability, notification if a US company had a data breach. Generally the real estate appraiser is the one who states there are granite counter tops, marble floors, Saltillo patio tiles and their overall condition. The bank's loan underwriter can clearly see these items and their condition in the photos. They make the ultimate decision. An external identifier is really not needed in order to make the loan. Not only that but you can't tell if granite, marble, tile or wood is fake by a photo. You have to see it up close at an angle and sometimes feel it in person to determine fake from real.

The main value of a home is its location, size, bed/bath count and overall condition. The report doesn't even ask us the C1-C6 condition of individual elements. It doesn't ask us for the model, age of all the appliances. We are only asked for the overall condition of the home rated C1 for new never lived in; C2 virtually new/no repairs or grades needed; C3 normal wear and tear, no deferred maintenance; C4 minor deferred maintenance, some upgrades needed; C5 significant deferred maintenance and C6 severe deferred maintenance. If the property is C5, C6, they are probably not getting a conventional or any loan anyway.

When, if Freddie and Fannie implement such a program, I'll be sure to update the article. In the meantime I feel they should review all appraisals in the US with properly licensed people with full background checks such as real estate appraisers and lenders.

Article by Jeremy Bagott - Certified General Real Estate Appraiser at Bender Rosenthal Inc

Jeremy Bagott is a real estate appraiser and former newspaperman. His most recent book, “The Ichthyologist’s Guide to the Subprime Meltdown,” is a concise almanac that distills the cataclysmic financial crisis of 2007-2008 to its essence. This pithy guide to the upheaval includes essays, chronologies, roundups and key lists, weaving together the stories of the politics-infused Freddie and Fannie; the doomed Wall Street investment banks Lehman and Bear Stearns; the dereliction of duty by the Big Three credit-rating services; the mayhem caused by the shadowy nonbank lenders; and the massive government bailouts. It provides a rapid-fire succession of “ah-hah” moments as it lays out the meltdown, convulsion by convulsion.


Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate is a certified residential licensed appraiser in Los Angeles, California. Mary Cummins is licensed by the California Bureau of Real Estate appraisers and has over 35 years of experience.


Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary, Cummins, #marycummins #animaladvocates #losangeles #california #wildlife #wildliferehabilitation #wildliferehabilitator #realestate #realestateappraiser #realestateappraisal #lawsuit real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, certified, single family, condo, condominium, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, fha, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, brea insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, 1073, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls, historical appraisal, facebook, linkedin

DISCLAIMER: https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/p/disclaimer-privacy-policy-for-blogs-by.html

Sunday, May 12, 2024

What Are Old Mobile Homes Worth? Carole Baskin Just Discovered They're Not Worth Much

carole baskin, big cat rescue, bcs, tampa, florida, mobile home, land, sale, tiger, joe exotic, money, buried, lion, sanctuary
carole baskin, big cat rescue, bcs, tampa, florida, mobile home, land, sale, tiger, joe exotic, money, buried, lion, sanctuary



What are old mobile homes worth? Sadly not much especially if they're located in Florida near the water. Carole Baskin of Big Cat Rescue BCR found that out the hard way after selling, trying to sell the Big Cat Rescue land. This is why people generally give an old trailer home to the buyer for free. If not, no one will buy it and you may have to pay to remove it. 

Carole Baskin originally listed this 1984 5 bed, 2 bath 56' x 24' 1,300 sf mobile home in fair condition for $56,000. I think the land maybe sold for $300,000. I looked at the address once but didn't save it. I believe this is the trailer where her daughter Jamie lived when she worked at Big Cat Rescue. Read the ad and make of it as you see fit. I make no guarantees as I didn't appraise this property. She's since reduced the price to $27,000. 

Mobile homes don't last as long as stick built homes. They are generally not built to the same quality especially one built in 1984. Properties in Florida wear faster due to rain, sun, salt air and possible hurricanes and flooding. This one is listed at $20/sf. 

Generally mobile homes last about 30-50 years. They can last longer if you maintain and upgrade them with no roofing, windows, floors as needed. This one is listed in fair condition so I assume no major upgrades. It's located near water in Florida so there will be more rust and rot. This one is 40 years old nearing the end of its economic life. Whoever buys the home will also have to pay to move it and install it at a new location. These things aren't cheap to do. Always do your research before you buy a regular stick built home or a mobile home. Hire a real estate appraiser if it includes land. If not, there are mobile home appraisers which will appraiser just the home. 

Big Cat Rescue site is 12802 Easy St, Tampa, FL, Hillsborough County, 33625 or 17342 Gunn Hgwy, Odessa, FL. Map Partial legal description S 1/2 OF NW 1/4 OF SE 1/4 LESS RR R/W ON E. That is about 18 acres but someone said entire site is 67 acres. This land belonged to the nonprofit. I believe proceeds must go to another like kind nonprofit. If you search here, you can see all the other properties they own. https://gis.hcpafl.org/propertysearch/#/nav/Basic%20Search Search Carole Baskin, Big Cat Rescue to see them all.



Mary Cummins of Cummins Real Estate is a certified residential licensed appraiser in Los Angeles, California. Mary Cummins is licensed by the California Bureau of Real Estate appraisers and has over 35 years of experience.


Mary Cummins, Mary K. Cummins, Mary Katherine Cummins, Mary, Cummins, #marycummins #animaladvocates #losangeles #california #wildlife #wildliferehabilitation #wildliferehabilitator #realestate #realestateappraiser #realestateappraisal #lawsuit real estate, appraiser, appraisal, instructor, teacher, Los Angeles, Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, Pasadena, Brentwood, Bel Air, California, licensed, permitted, certified, single family, condo, condominium, pud, hud, fannie mae, freddie mac, fha, uspap, certified, residential, certified resident, apartment building, multi-family, commercial, industrial, expert witness, civil, criminal, orea, dre, brea insurance, bonded, experienced, bilingual, spanish, english, form, 1004, 2055, 1073, land, raw, acreage, vacant, insurance, cost, income approach, market analysis, comparative, theory, appraisal theory, cost approach, sales, matched pairs, plot, plat, map, diagram, photo, photographs, photography, rear, front, street, subject, comparable, sold, listed, active, pending, expired, cancelled, listing, mls, multiple listing service, claw, themls, historical appraisal, facebook, linkedin

DISCLAIMER: https://mary--cummins.blogspot.com/p/disclaimer-privacy-policy-for-blogs-by.html